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Biology 2015

Sylvia S. Mader, Michael Windelspecht

Chapter 43

Behavioral Ecology

Educators


Problem 1

Behavior is
a. any action that is learned.
b. all responses to the environment.
c. any action that can be observed and described.
d. all activity that is controlled by hormones.
e. unique to birds and humans.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 2

Which of the following are considered, by behaviorists, to control (in part or in whole) animal behavior?
a. circulatory and respiratory systems
b. respiratory and digestive systems
c. digestive and nervous systems
d. nervous and endocrine systems
e. All systems of the body control behavior.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 3

Which of the following is not an example of a genetically based behavior?
a. Inland garter snakes do not eat slugs, whereas coastal populations do.
b. One species of lovebird carries nesting strips one at a time, whereas another carries several.
c. One species of warbler migrates, whereas another does not.
d. Snails lay eggs in response to an egg-laying hormone.
e. Wild foxes raised in captivity are not capable of hunting for food.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 4

How would the following graph differ if pecking behavior in laughing gulls were a fixed action pattern?
a. It would be a diagonal line with an upward incline.
b. It would be a diagonal line with a downward incline.
c. It would be a horizontal line.
d. It would be a vertical line.
e. None of these are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 5

In white-crowned sparrows, social experience exhibits a very strong influence over the development of singing patterns. What observation led to this conclusion?
a. Birds learned to sing only when they were trained by other birds.
b. The sensitive period in which birds learned from other birds was wider than that when birds learned from tape recordings.
c. Birds could learn different dialects only from other birds.
d. Birds that learned to sing from a tape recorder could change their song when they listened to another bird.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 6

Which of the following best describes classical conditioning?
a. the gradual strengthening of stimulus-response connections that seemingly are unrelated
b. a type of associative learning in which there is no contingency between response and reinforcer
c. learning behavior in which an organism follows the first moving object it encounters
d. learning behavior in which an organism exhibits a fixed action pattern from the time of birth

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 7

Aphids (insects) release an alarm pheromone when they sense they are in danger.
a. chemical communication
b. auditory communication
c. visual communication
d. tactile communication

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 8

Male peacocks exhibit an elaborate display of feathers to attract females.
a. chemical communication
b. auditory communication
c. visual communication
d. tactile communication

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 9

Ground squirrels give an alarm call to warn others of the approach of a predator
a. chemical communication
b. auditory communication
c. visual communication
d. tactile communication

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 10

Male silk moths are attracted to females by a sex attractant released by the female moth.
a. chemical communication
b. auditory communication
c. visual communication
d. tactile communication

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 11

Sage grouses perform an elaborate courtship dance.
a. chemical communication
b. auditory communication
c. visual communication
d. tactile communication

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 12

All of the following are benefits obtained through territoriality except
a. access to mates.
b. access to more food.
c. access to more places to hide.
d. access to more predators.
e. increased space to raise more offspring.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 13

The observation that male bowerbirds decorate their nests with blue objects favored by females can best be associated with
a. insight learning.
b. imprinting.
c. sexual selection.
d. altruism.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 14

Which reproductive strategy is characterized by a female mating with multiple males?
a. polygamy
b. polyandry
c. monogamy
d. kin selection
e. altruism

Grant C.
Numerade Educator