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Biology 2015

Sylvia S. Mader, Michael Windelspecht

Chapter 22

Fungi Evolution and Diversity


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Problem 1

Which of the following represents an organism that uses decomposition as its mode of nutrition?
a. parasite
b. saprotroph
c. autotroph
d. All of these are correct.

Diana P.
Numerade Educator

Problem 2

Hyphae are generally characterized by
a. strong, impermeable walls.
b. rapid growth.
c. large surface area.
d. pigmented cells.
e. Both b and c are correct

Nalvi D.
Numerade Educator

Problem 3

A fungal spore
a. contains an embryonic organism.
b. germinates directly into an organism.
c. is always windblown, because none are motile.
d. is most often diploid.
e. Both b and c are correct.

Tanya O.
Numerade Educator

Problem 4

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Microsporida?
a. parasitic
b. lives in host cells
c. multicellular
d. can infect invertebrates like insects
e. can infect vertebrates like humans

Nalvi D.
Numerade Educator

Problem 5

Which of the following is not a characteristic of chytrids?
a. They have flagellated spores.
b. They have flagellated gametes.
c. They can live on very dry land.
d. They can be single cells.
e. They can be animal parasites.

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Problem 6

Label this diagram of black bread mold structure and asexual reproduction.

Nalvi D.
Numerade Educator

Problem 7

Which part of the life cycle of black bread mold is the resting stage that can survive unfavorable conditions?
a. mycelium
b. zygospore
c. gametangia
d. zygote
e. rhizoid

Wesley S.
Numerade Educator

Problem 8

Tineas are
a. plant parasites.
b. skin infections.
c. deep systemic infections.
d. frog and bat parasites.
e. None of these are correct.

Nalvi D.
Numerade Educator

Problem 9

In an ascocarp,
a. there are only fertile hyphae.
b. ascospores are formed.
c. a sperm fertilizes an egg.
d. hyphae do not have chitinous walls.
e. conidiospores form

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Problem 10

In which fungus is the dikaryotic stage longer-lasting?
a. zygospore fungus
b. sac fungus
c. club fungus
d. chytrids

Nalvi D.
Numerade Educator

Problem 11

Compact lichens are called _____; leaflike lichens are called _____; and shrublike lichens are _____.
a. crustose; foliose; fruticose.
b. foliose; crustose; fruticose.
c. fruitcose; foliose; crustose.
d. foliose; fruitcose; crustose.

Prashant B.
Numerade Educator

Problem 12

a. are a type of lichen.
b. are mutualistic relationships.
c. help plants gather solar energy.
d. help plants gather inorganic nutrients.
e. Both b and d are correct.

Nalvi D.
Numerade Educator