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Biology 2015

Sylvia S. Mader, Michael Windelspecht

Chapter 40

Hormones and Endocrine Systems

Educators


Problem 1

For questions 1–5, match each hormone to a gland in the key.
Key:
a. pancreas
b. anterior pituitary
c. posterior pituitary
d. adrenal medulla
e. adrenal cortex

cortisol

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 2

For questions 1–5, match each hormone to a gland in the key.
Key:
a. pancreas
b. anterior pituitary
c. posterior pituitary
d. adrenal medulla
e. adrenal cortex

growth hormone (GH)

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 3

For questions 1–5, match each hormone to a gland in the key.
Key:
a. pancreas
b. anterior pituitary
c. posterior pituitary
d. adrenal medulla
e. adrenal cortex

oxytocin storage

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 4

For questions 1–5, match each hormone to a gland in the key.
Key:
a. pancreas
b. anterior pituitary
c. posterior pituitary
d. adrenal medulla
e. adrenal cortex

insulin

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 5

For questions 1–5, match each hormone to a gland in the key.
Key:
a. pancreas
b. anterior pituitary
c. posterior pituitary
d. adrenal medulla
e. adrenal cortex

epinephrine

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 6

Which of the following is not associated with the action of a peptide hormone?

a. Hormone is released into the blood by an endocrine gland.
b. Hormone binds to a plasma membrane receptor on target cells.
c. Hormone enters cells and binds to internal receptors.
d. Hormone triggers the activity of second messengers.
e. All of these typically occur with peptide hormones.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 7

Steroid hormones are secreted by
a. the adrenal cortex.
b. the gonads.
c. the thyroid.
d. Both a and b are correct.
e. Both b and c are correct

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 8

Which one of the following statements about the pituitary gland is incorrect?

a. The pituitary lies inferior to the hypothalamus.
b. Growth hormone and prolactin are secreted by the anterior pituitary.
c. The anterior pituitary and posterior pituitary communicate with each other.
d. Axons run between the hypothalamus and the posterior pituitary.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 9

The anterior pituitary controls the secretion(s) of both

a. the adrenal medulla and the adrenal cortex.
b. the thyroid and the adrenal cortex.
c. the ovaries and the testes.
d. Both b and c are correct.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 10

Which hormone and condition are mismatched?

a. insufficient ADH—diabetes insipidis
b. too much ADH—diabetes mellitus
c. insufficient growth hormone—pituitary dwarfism
d. too much growth hormone in adults—acromegaly
e. too much growth hormone in children—gigantism

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 11

Which association related to thyroid hormones is mismatched?

a. iodine deficiency in pregnancy—congenital hypothyroidism
b. hypothyroidism in adults—myxedema
c. hyperthyroidism in adults—Graves disease
d. calcitonin deficiency in adults—goiter

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 12

Parathyroid hormone causes

a. the kidneys to excrete more calcium ions.
b. bone tissue to break down and release calcium into the
bloodstream.
c. fewer calcium ions to be absorbed by the intestines.
d. more calcium ions to be deposited in bone tissue.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 13

Diabetes mellitus is associated with

a. too much insulin in the blood.
b. too much glucose in the blood.
c. blood that is too dilute.
d. Both b and c are correct.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 14

The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that

a. for type 2 diabetes, insulin is produced but not used; type 1 results from lack of insulin production.
b. treatment for type 2 involves insulin injections, whereas type 1 can be controlled, usually by diet.
c. only type 1 can result in complications such as kidney disease, reduced circulation, or stroke.
d. type 1 can be a result of lifestyle, and type 2 is thought to be caused by a virus or other agent.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 15

Which hormone is found in females?

a. estrogen
b. testosterone
c. follicle-stimulating hormone
d. Both a and c are correct.
e. All of these are correct.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator