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Biology 2015

Sylvia S. Mader, Michael Windelspecht

Chapter 41

Reproductive Systems

Educators


Problem 1

Which of these is a requirement for reproduction to be defined as sexual?
a. separate male and female parents
b. the production of gametes
c. optimal environmental conditions
d. an aquatic habitat
e. All of these are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 2

. Internal fertilization
a. can prevent the drying out of gametes and zygotes.
b. must take place on land.
c. is practiced by humans.
d. requires that males have a penis.
e. Both a and c are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 3

Which term is incorrectly defined?
a. oviparous—deposits egg(s) in the external environment
b. ovoviviparous—retains eggs prior to releasing the young
c. viviparous—lacks eggs and always has a placenta
d. placenta—allows some mammals to be nourished inside the mother

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 4

In tracing the path of sperm, you would mention vasa deferentia
before
a. testes.
b. epididymides.
c. urethra.
d. seminiferous tubules.
e. All of these are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 5

Which of these pairs is mismatched?
a. interstitial cells—testosterone
b. seminiferous tubules—sperm production
c. vasa deferentia—seminal fluid production
d. urethra—conducts sperm
e. Both c and d are mismatched.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 6

Testosterone is produced by
a. interstitial cells.
b. seminiferous tubules.
c. the hypothalamus.
d. the prostate.
e. All of these are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 7

Which of these is the correct path of an oocyte?
a. uterine tube, fimbriae, uterus, vagina
b. ovary, fimbriae, uterine tube, uterine cavity
c. uterine tube, fimbriae, abdominal cavity
d. fimbriae, uterine tube, uterine cavity, ovary

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 8

Fertilization of the oocyte usually occurs in
a. the vagina.
b. the uterus.
c. the uterine tube.
d. the ovary.
e. All of these are correct

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 9

The secretory phase of the uterine cycle occurs during which
ovarian phase?
a. follicular phase
b. ovulation
c. luteal phase
d. menstrual phase

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 10

. Following ovulation, the corpus luteum develops under the
influence of
a. progesterone.
b. FSH.
c. LH.
d. estradiol.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 11

During pregnancy,
a. the ovarian and uterine cycles occur more quickly than before.
b. GnRH is produced at a higher level than before.
c. the ovarian and uterine cycles do not occur.
d. the female secondary sex characteristics are not maintained.
e. Both b and c are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 12

Which means of birth control is most effective in preventing sexually transmitted diseases?
a. condom
b. pill
c. diaphragm
d. spermicidal jelly
e. vasectomy

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 13

Using currently available technology, which is the most reliable method to achieve male sterilization?
a. condom
b. contraceptive vaccine
c. hormonal implant
d. vasectomy

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 14

In which process are oocytes and sperm placed directly into the uterine tubes?
a. artificial insemination by donor
b. in vitro fertilization
c. intracytoplasmic sperm injection
d. gamete intrafallopian transfer

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 15

Which of these is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a
bacterium?
a. gonorrhea
b. hepatitis B
c. genital warts
d. genital herpes
e. HIV

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 16

The human immunodeficiency virus has a preference for infecting
a. B lymphocytes.
b. cytotoxic T lymphocytes.
c. helper T lymphocytes.
d. All of these are correct.

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 17

For questions 17–19, match the descriptions with the sexually
transmitted diseases in the key (use three from choices a–g).
Key:
a. AIDS
b. hepatitis B
c. genital herpes
d. genital warts
e. gonorrhea
f. chlamydia
g. syphilis

genital blisters and painful ulcers, which heal and then recur

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 18

For questions 17–19, match the descriptions with the sexually
transmitted diseases in the key (use three from choices a–g).
Key:
a. AIDS
b. hepatitis B
c. genital herpes
d. genital warts
e. gonorrhea
f. chlamydia
g. syphilis

flulike symptoms, jaundice, eventual liver failure possible

Grant C.
Numerade Educator

Problem 19

For questions 17–19, match the descriptions with the sexually
transmitted diseases in the key (use three from choices a–g).
Key:
a. AIDS
b. hepatitis B
c. genital herpes
d. genital warts
e. gonorrhea
f. chlamydia
g. syphilis

males have a thick, greenish-yellow urethral discharge; can lead
to PID and infertility, can also infect the eyes, throat, and anus

Grant C.
Numerade Educator