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Biology 2015

Sylvia S. Mader, Michael Windelspecht

Chapter 17

Speciation and Macroevolution

Educators


Problem 1

Which of the following events is part of macroevolution?
a. speciation
b. mutation
c. gene flow
d. natural selection
e. All of these are correct.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 2

A biological species
a. always looks different from other species.
b. always has a different chromosome number than that of other species.
c. is reproductively isolated from other species.
d. never occupies the same niche as other species.
e. does not survive long in the wild.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 3

Which of these is a prezygotic isolating mechanism?
a. habitat isolation
b. temporal isolation
c. hybrid sterility
d. zygote mortality
e. Both a and b are correct

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 4

Male moths recognize females of their species by sensing chemical signals called pheromones. This is an example of
a. gamete isolation.
b. habitat isolation.
c. behavorial isolation.
d. mechanical isolation.
e. temporal isolation.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 5

Which of these is an example of mechanical isolation?
a. Sperm cannot reach or fertilize an egg.
b. Courtship patterns differ.
c. Organisms live in different locales.
d. Organisms reproduce at different times of the year.
e. Genitalia are unsuitable to each other.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 6

Complete the following diagram illustrating allopatric speciation by using these phrases: genetic changes (used twice), geographic barrier, species 1, species 2, species 3.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 7

The creation of new species due to geographic barriers is called
a. isolation speciation.
b. allopatric speciation.
c. allelomorphic speciation.
d. sympatric speciation.
e. symbiotic speciation.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 8

The many species of Galápagos finches are each adapted to eating different foods. This is the result of
a. gene flow.
b. adaptive radiation.
c. sympatric speciation.
d. genetic drift.
e. All of these are correct

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 9

Allopatric, but not sympatric, speciation requires
a. reproductive isolation.
b. geographic isolation.
c. spontaneous differences in males and females.
d. prior hybridization.
e. rapid rate of mutation.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 10

Which of the following are an example of analogous structures?
a. wings of birds and bats
b. hooves of horses and deer
c. wings of moths and butterflies
d. leaves on oak trees and maples
e. arms of primates and cats

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 11

Which of the following is not part of the gradualistic model of evolution?
a. isolation of the population
b. a slow change of the population
c. the presence of fossils
d. an ancestral population that gives rise to two separate populations
e. a period of rapid change

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 12

A change in expression of the Tbx5 gene can lead to which of the following problems?
a. malformation of the legs
b. incorrect development of the eye
c. lack of development of neck vertebrae in a snake
d. development of six legs in a grasshopper
e. a shorter dorsal spine in stickleback fish

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 13

Which gene is incorrectly matched to its function?
a. Hox—body shape
b. Pax6—body segmentation
c. Tbx5—limb development
d. Pitx1—pelvic-fin development
e. All of these choices are correctly matched.

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 14

Which statement about speciation is not true?
a. Speciation can occur rapidly or slowly.
b. Developmental genes can account for rapid speciation.
c. The fossil record gives no evidence that speciation can occur rapidly.
d. Speciation always requires genetic changes, suc

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator

Problem 15

In the evolution of the modern horse, which of the following was the goal of the evolutionary process?
a. large size
b. single toe
c. change in tooth size
d. change in tooth shape
e. None of these are correct

Rikhil M.
Numerade Educator