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Shoukat A.

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I am Shoukat Ali. I have an M.Phil degree in Physics from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. I am a Physics teacher, tutor, and freelancer. My research interest covers Neutrino mass problem, Blackhole information problem, and Flavor Physics.


MS Physics
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BS Physics
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Physics Basics
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Shoukat's Textbook Answer Videos

University Physics with Modern Physics

$Quasars, an abbreviation for quasi-stellar radio sources$, are distant objects that look like stars through a telescope but that emit far more electromagnetic radiation than an entire normal
galaxy of stars. An example is the bright object below and to the left of center in Fig. P36.60; the other elongated objects in this image are normal galaxies. The leading model for the structure
of a quasar is a galaxy with a supermassive black hole at its center. In this model, the radiation is emitted by interstellar gas and dust within the galaxy as this material falls toward the black hole. The radiation is thought to emanate from a region just a few light-years in diameter. (The diffuse glow surrounding the bright quasar shown in $\textbf{Fig. P36.60}$ is thought to be this quasar's host galaxy.) To investigate this model of quasars and to study other exotic astronomical
objects, the Russian Space Agency plans to place a radio telescope in an orbit that extends to 77,000 km from the earth. When the signals from this telescope are combined with signals
from the ground-based telescopes of the VLBA, the resolution will be that of a single radio telescope 77,000 km in diameter. What is the size of the smallest detail that this arrangement could resolve in quasar 3C 405, which is 7.2 $\times$ 10$^{8}$ light-years from earth, using radio waves at a frequency of 1665 MHz? (Hint: Use Rayleigh's criterion.) Give your answer in light-years and in kilometers.

Chapter 36: Diffraction
Shoukat A.
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