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Problem 135

The rocket fuel hydrazine $\left(\mathrm{N}_{2} \…

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Problem 134

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, $\mathrm{C}_{9} \mathrm{H}_{8} \mathrm{O}_{4} )$ is made by reacting
salicylic acid $\left(\mathrm{C}_{7} \mathrm{H}_{6} \mathrm{O}_{3}\right)$ with acetic anhydride $\left[\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{CO}\right)_{2} \mathrm{O} ] :$
$$
\mathrm{C}_{7} \mathrm{H}_{6} \mathrm{O}_{3}(s)+\left(\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{CO}\right)_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \longrightarrow \mathrm{C}_{9} \mathrm{H}_{8} \mathrm{O}_{4}(s)+\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{COOH}(l)
$$
In one preparation, 3.077 g of salicylic acid and 5.50 $\mathrm{mL}$ of acetic anhydride react to form 3.281 $\mathrm{g}$ of aspirin. (a) Which is the limiting reactant $(d \text { of acetic anhydride }=1.080 \mathrm{g} / \mathrm{mL})$ ? (b) What is the percent yield of this reaction? (c) What is the percent atom economy of this reaction?

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Chapter 3
Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations
CHEMISTRY: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change 2016

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