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$\bullet$$\bullet$ A light beam is directed parallel to the axis of a hollow cylindrical tube. When thetube contains only air, it takes the light 8.72 ns to travel the length of the tube, but when the tube is filled with a transparent jelly, it takes the light 2.04 ns longer to travel its length. What is the refractive index of this jelly?
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Physics 102 Electricity and Magnetism
Electromagnetic Waves and Propagationof Light
Reflection and Refraction of Light
University of Washington
Simon Fraser University
University of Winnipeg
In optics, ray optics is a geometric optics method that uses ray tracing to model the propagation of light through an optical system. As in all geometric optics methods, the ray optics model assumes that light travels in straight lines and that the index of refraction of the optical material remains constant throughout the system.
In optics, reflection is the change in direction of a wavefront at an interface between two different media so that the wavefront returns into the medium from which it originated. Common examples include the reflection of light, sound and water waves. The law of reflection says that for specular reflection the angle at which the wave is incident on the surface equals the angle at which it is reflected. Reflection may also be referred to as "mirror image" or "specular reflection".
Refraction is the change in direction of a wave due to a change in its speed. The refractive index of a material is a measure of its ability to change the direction of a wave. A material with a higher refractive index will change the direction of a wave to a greater degree than a material with a lower refractive index. When a wave crosses the boundary between two materials with different refractive indices, part of the wave is refracted; that is, it changes direction. The ratio of the speeds of propagation of the two waves determines the angle of refraction, which is the angle between the direction of the incident and the refractive rays.
A light beam is directed p…
$\bullet$$\bullet$ Light p…
Light enters a solid tube …
A thin-walled glass tube o…
A parallel beam of unpolar…
A ray of light is travelin…
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