Solid iodine trichloride is prepared in two steps: first, a reaction between solid iodine and gaseous chlorine to form solid iodine monochloride; then, treatment with more chlorine.

(a) Write a balanced equation for each step.

(b) Write a balanced equation for the overall reaction.

(c) How many grams of iodine are needed to prepare 2.45 $\mathrm{kg}$ of

final product?

## Discussion

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Use standard enthalpies of formation to calculate $\Delta H_{\mathrm{rxn}}^{\circ}$ for each reaction.

$$

\begin{array}{l}{\text { a. } C_{2} \mathrm{H}_{4}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2}(g) \longrightarrow \mathrm{C}_{2} \mathrm{H}_{6}(g)} \\ {\text { b. } \mathrm{CO}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g) \longrightarrow \mathrm{H}_{2}(g)+\mathrm{CO}_{2}(g)} \\ {\text { c. } 3 \mathrm{NO}_{2}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \longrightarrow 2 \mathrm{HNO}_{3}(a q)+\mathrm{NO}(g)} \\ {\text { d. } \mathrm{Cr}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{3}(s)+3 \mathrm{CO}(g) \longrightarrow 2 \mathrm{Cr}(s)+3 \mathrm{CO}_{2}(g)}\end{array}

$$

Balance the following equations and indicate whether they are combination, decomposition, or combustion reactions:

$$

\begin{array}{l}{\text { (a) } \mathrm{C}_{3} \mathrm{H}_{6}(g)+\mathrm{O}_{2}(g) \longrightarrow \mathrm{CO}_{2}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)} \\ {\text { (b) } \mathrm{NH}_{4} \mathrm{NO}_{3}(s) \longrightarrow \mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)} \\ {\text { (c) } \mathrm{C}_{5} \mathrm{H}_{6} \mathrm{O}(l)+\mathrm{O}_{2}(g) \longrightarrow \mathrm{CO}_{2}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)} \\ {\text { (d) } \mathrm{N}_{2}(g)+\mathrm{H}_{2}(g) \longrightarrow \mathrm{NH}_{3}(g)} \\ {\text { (e) } \mathrm{K}_{2} \mathrm{O}(s)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \longrightarrow \mathrm{KOH}(a q)}\end{array}

$$