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Problem 10 Medium Difficulty

Compare and contrast ionic bonds and covalent bonds.

Answer

Similarities: Both of these bonds involve the valance electrons.
Differences: Covalent Bond involves sharing of electrons whereas Ionic Bond involves transfer of electrons.

Discussion

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Top Chemistry 101 Educators
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Theodore D.

Carleton College

Nadia L.

Rice University

Allea C.

University of Maryland - University College

Morgan S.

University of Kentucky

Watch More Solved Questions in Chapter 8

Video Transcript

we're going to compare and contrast. Co Baylin Bonding and Ionic Bonding Co. Baylin bonding occurs between between two non metals. It's felt to non metals, and ionic occurs between a metal Andy nonmetal because in covalin bonding, the bonding is occurring between two non metals, Then the valence electrons are shared. Two satisfy its octet rule, whereas an ionic bonding there is an electrostatic attraction between positive and negative ions. An example. An example will be for Kobe Lynn bonding. Say we have a water molecule, so we have oxygen, which has six valence electrons. And there's two hydrants in the water molecule. So we have hydrogen with one Bayliss electron, another hydrogen with France electrons. So they were going to share you like trains were going to share a pair, two former pair, which equals a bond. So that's where the coagulant bonding comes from. There sharing electrons to obtain a pair to create a single bond, which will equal the co Baylin body. Asked for ionic bonding, I say we have sodium, which is a metal in the group, one with one valence electron and chlorine, which is a halogen in the group. Ah, seven or 17 in the periodic table. So beacon notice that sodium has one electron that it can share, and chlorine has one available space. Two. Obtain an electron, and so, instead of there's no way that we can share bonding. So instead, as chlorine has a lot more electrons. It's more electron negative and is more likely to accept an electron so sodium will give up its electron and give it to chlorine. So when you lose an electron, you end up becoming a positive ion, and when you gain an electron, you'll become a negative ion. So we have an electrostatic interaction between, and I'll draw up here a sodium positive ion, our cat eye on and chlorine, which is a negative ion, Orin and I on. So there's electrostatic interaction between the two to form an ionic bonding.

University of Central Florida
Top Chemistry 101 Educators
TD
Theodore D.

Carleton College

Nadia L.

Rice University

Allea C.

University of Maryland - University College

Morgan S.

University of Kentucky