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Consider the arrangement in Figure $17.1 .$ Because the volume of the two bulbs is the same, the probability of finding a molecule in either bulb is $\frac{1}{2}$. Calculate the probability of all the molecules ending up in the same bulb if the number is (a) $2,$ (b) $100,$ and (c) $6 \times 10^{23}.$ Based on your results, explain why the situation shown in Figure $17.1(\mathrm{b})$ will not be observed for a macroscopic system.

For macroscopic system, a small number for the probability will result for all practical purposes, there is zero probability that all molecules would be found in the same bulb.

Chemistry 102

Chapter 17

Entropy, Free Energy, and Equilibrium

Thermodynamics

University of Central Florida

Brown University

University of Toronto

Lectures

00:42

In thermodynamics, the zeroth law of thermodynamics states that if two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third system, they are also in thermal equilibrium with each other.

01:47

A spontaneous process is one in which the total entropy of the universe increases. In a spontaneous process, the system will move from an ordered state to a disordered state, such as from ice to water, or from a solid to a gas. The concept of spontaneity was introduced by Rudolf Clausius in 1850.

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answer for the question here. An equation? Yeah. Relating de top ability to the number of milk use I have a problem is minus P is equal to one number two and is and increases, I think. Right? Yeah. Be recognizes everywhere. Using the region way get Thank you. A B is equal. Thio 0.25 and B is B is equal to 810 minus two or even and see is B is it medical Tzeitel s o far microscopic system A small number for the probability will results For all practical purposes, there is zero proper probability that all molecules would be found in the same bank.

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