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Distinguish between homogeneous catalysis and heterogeneous catalysis. Describe three important industrial processes that utilize heterogeneous catalysis.
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In homogeneous catalysis, the catalysts and the reactants are in the same phase while in heterogeneous catalysis, the catalysts and the reactants are in different phase.
Examples of important industrial processes utilizing heterogeneous catalysis are described inside.
University of Toronto
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Hello. So today we're gonna be talking about homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. So what's the difference between the two? Well, Homo means the same. So homogeneous catalysts are the same phase as the reactive. It's there, the same face. So usually that means that you have with liquid reactant and you have a liquid catalyst helping the reaction lung had our genius catalysts had our own means different. They're different faces. So usually that means that we have a solid metal catalyst and we have gashes, react INTs and the gases find to the metal. And that helps the reaction lung. So head Oh, genius catalysts are very useful. Industrially. So what kind of processes are head? Are genius catalysts used for while one is making ammonium So ammonia is a very useful industrial chemical, and it is difficult to make nitrogen and hedge gin don't really like to react it. The reaction is very slow to make ammonia. So what people have done is they take iron with a little bit of potassium and aluminum, and then the nitrogen and hydrogen will bond to the metal surface, which will allow the bonds between the atoms to break, and that means that they can form new bonds easier, and that helps the reaction along tremendously. Another reaction is making nitric acid, so nitric acid is also a very useful industrial chemical. It can so one of the first steps is taking ammonium and trying to make nitrogen oxide. But this is reaction is verily very slow. However, if you have ah, platinum rhodium catalyst. Like I said before, it helps break the bonds. And when the bonds are broken, nitrogen can react with oxygen to form nitrogen, the NOC said. And once nitrogen monoxide has been formed, it can further react, and those of reactions are very, very verbal toe make nitric acid. So the last traction is the catalytic converter in your car. Catalytic converters are very useful because that cars create a lot of pollutants. They create card been monoxide, nitrogen monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, just a lot of bad stuff, and the catalytic converter in your car usually has two compartments, and it converts the carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide and the nitrogen monoxide into nitrogen and oxygen. So cataclysmic converters are also very useful, and they are header genius catalysts. And so now we have seen some reasons out. Hetero genius catalysts are very useful
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