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Draw all possible resonance structures for each of these compounds. Determine the formal charge on each atom (a) $\mathrm{O}_{3}$(b) $\mathrm{SO}_{2}$(c) $\mathrm{NO}_{2}-$(d) $\mathrm{NO}_{3}-$in each of the resonance structures:

a) see structureFormal charge in atoms of structure (l)Central oxygen atom, Formal charge $=6-2-\frac{6}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Formal charge in atoms of structure (ll)Central oxygen atom, Formal charge $=6-2-\frac{6}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$b) see structureFormal charge in atoms of structure (l)Sulfur atom, Formal charge $=6-2-\frac{8}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Formal charge in atoms of structure (ll)Sulfur atom, Formal charge $=6-2-\frac{6}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Formal charge in atoms of structure (lll)Sulfur atom, Formal charge $=6-2-\frac{6}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$c) see structureFormal charge in atoms of structure (l)Nitrogen atom, Formal charge $=5-2-\frac{6}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Formal charge in atoms of structure (ll)Nitrogen atom, Formal charge $=5-2-\frac{6}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$d) see structureFormal charges in structure (l)Nitrogen atom, Formal charge $=5-0-\frac{8}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Oxygen atom on the top of nitrogen, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Formal charges in structure (II)Nitrogen atom, Formal charge $=5-0-\frac{8}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on the top of nitrogen, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Formal charges in structure (III)Nitrogen atom, Formal charge $=5-0-\frac{8}{2}=+1$Oxygen atom on right, Formal charge $=6-4-\frac{4}{2}=0$Oxygen atom on left, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$Oxygen atom on the top of nitrogen, Formal charge $=6-6-\frac{2}{2}=-1$

Chemistry 101

Chapter 7

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry

Chemical Bonding

Molecular Geometry

University of Central Florida

University of Maryland - University College

University of Kentucky

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here, the ocean is draw all possible reason and structures for each of these compulsions determine the formal charge on each atom in each of the residents structures form in judge. For that, we have to remember the formula for it. Foreigner speculation so formally charge ese equal to well, it's your turn minus non bonding. Endurance maintenance Born in your drum, derided by dream, it is how arms were concluding form the church. So the first piece wasn't molecule scheming. And for distance looking structures are oxygen and presented when oxygen Here one oxygen is ST. And if Damon Bonnie's isn't here yet, come beers do companies resulted. And at the centre, lettin you should have money and struggle to come to the dark gate. And here you single borders present feeling turn. There's succeed. So this is one possibility, and second president instructors should be oxygen and dissension but distant here the single bond. Those is onion hate. It's double when don't want, want to be 14 counts Dissenter Trillion ton and hear the singing on going 234 six it kills. Now we have to go through the formal judge from left to right. You're collecting Forman, Judge. So here for first oxygen, this is it. Brutal violence in turn, oxygen six. Don't don't day non born any injuns for here and to never born. That was for a turn morning entrance divided by two that is equal to oh so for directed by do is to sow majoring minus two And the charge Be quick proceeding. So for dissing it, John axes in the charge is going to see no come to no boxes and from left to right. So it is the central boxes in here Well insulated, drunk for oxygen is six then nor morning electrons are too Then born in your drone total 16 tons and derided by through that musical don t so it should be going through less one. So that is the charge over here. Hey, ladies Fleischman! And for the Turk season, we should be again. Well, until it's done really mention because it is oxes and then total six non governmental a chance. Then one morning that mincer Dooley John studio headed by Do that is equal to one. So it should be going through minus one soon. Here the judge should be mine. Isman So seeing chances Who can die right here. This is this should be mine, Islam. And this should give us one. And here, truancy. So this is for ozone. And now, country. The next one that it's being being is Sanford Alex. So for suffered outside can rage. That is intriguing structures as don't want to and single want. Well, here. Double bond yet, aren't there? Should be two broken four militants as one d when you look down there. And the oxygen one job, t 456 Seeing as in we're meeting is here to bless us and for oxygen is present. So you know, son, so safer this time. Single born here, double born must be here and we didn't really want 1234 Your chance with this is a one toe 60 tons. And here, when you're drunk and the conclusion will be also seen, I think from the after rate if we're going, then for the Sox is on your right. Dean, you're drunk there. Six then. Well, incident turns then total fully trance, nonbargaining and minus form. Dreaded way. Drew. That is equally true. So this should be good to see. So he had a trick in Quinton. Similarly, for the next one, you can range six minus two minus three that is equipped in less one. Soon he had a brew and the sentence. And for this last boxes and you can rage six minus six. Manage one that is equal to minus one. So this is minus one here. And seeing thing you can right here. This is minus one, Forman Church. And this should be CEO. And this should be so. Now go through. See, for C. It is seeing these in order, Linus in for this visiting structures. NATO isn't at the center. Double boned boxes in here and single longer oxes and ST been single bond. The interviewer should be 63 little weird that it's 60 chance to complete doubt it. And here, when there are bombs present, you have trained for drones. And here, already 16 translation. So when you turn, there must be here. And, uh, this intriguing structure next possibilities natures. And this same nursing boondocks isn't 16. And this sucks is in is in double one, Julia, and this is simulated crunch. So here are so your same thing You're calculating from left to right. So for this offseason you're writing six minus four Raina stool that is equal to zero and then gun range for nature's own. It is five well insulated from minus two minus tree that should be called to seeing. And for the ox is a loving you writing 696 minus one. That should be good moments. So all of this, you can right over here. This is for this success. Any physical, Consider, for this natures and our surgeons in Montecito and forthis oxygen formal just should be immensely. So seeing minus one formal Josh must hear and dis oxes and zero and a present. Now go to Gay Day is this is D Andy is a notary madness, So I cannot feel my nose It isn aged and and for me to die And it isn't institutionally 1st 1 nature's own Dublin born oxygen single mind oxygen and one single gonna boxes. And here's and this who should have minus one judge here also and or do is minus one. So this are reserving structures should be inside the blanket and our second record a gentleman's So this is awesome here in case of an oak tree next, resulting structure. But for that we're feeling the electrons. So here it should be one through 34 And this should be 123456 And this oxygen again. One through 3456 So, in the next reason, instruction were writing in and descended this say now boxes in six electrons and this side double bond boxes in with full insurance. And here are so single born boxes and meat 60. So this is another structure resonating structured, heading the minus one judge. And next one is again. Nature isn't at the center. One Knox is and must be here. Second boxes in here on third offseason should be here. So this train, the socks is any serving? Double bond one duty full. And this to a single bond with 1234.68 months. Now for the formal charge in case off night, Kate, we're calculating from left to right in the first place. This six six minus food minus two that is equal to see then thinks minus minus low. That should be equal to minus one. Brendan six minus six, minus one. That should be going to minus one and food name chosen. It should be five minus. You minus fool that she would be less fun. So these are the charges for my judges present. So here it should be zero. And this should be minus one. Here you need It's minus one. And for nature's and it shaking. So this ain't it should be mine. This one this saying she has, you know, And she had again minus one dish. And here it is, minus one. This is also minus one. This is a plus one. And is she going to? And he had one thing we have to remember then all that isn't in structure should be in said the blanket and also depending on the judge's mons. So these are all formal charges are different resenting structures.

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