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Let $ A $ be the area under the graph of an increasing continuous function $ f $ from $ a $ to $ b $, and let $ L_n $ and $ R_n $ be the approximations to $ A $ with $ n $ subintervals using left and right endpoints, respectively.

(a) How are $ A $, $ L_n $, and $ R_n $ related?

(b) Show that $$ R_n - L_n = \frac{b - a}{n} [f(b) - f(a)] $$ Then draw a diagram to illustrate this equation by showing that the $ n $ rectangles representing $ R_n - L_n $ can be reassembled to form a single rectangle whose area is the right side of the equation.

(c) Deduce that $$ R_n - A < \frac{b - a}{n} [f(b) - f(a)] $$

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Calculus 1 / AB

Chapter 5

Integrals

Section 1

Areas and Distances

Integration

Campbell University

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

University of Nottingham

Boston College

Lectures

05:53

In mathematics, an indefinite integral is an integral whose integrand is not known in terms of elementary functions. An indefinite integral is usually encountered when integrating functions that are not elementary functions themselves.

40:35

In mathematics, integration is one of the two main operations of calculus, with its inverse operation, differentiation, being the other. Given a function of a real variable (often called "the integrand"), an antiderivative is a function whose derivative is the given function. The area under a real-valued function of a real variable is the integral of the function, provided it is defined on a closed interval around a given point. It is a basic result of calculus that an antiderivative always exists, and is equal to the original function evaluated at the upper limit of integration.

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Let $A$ be the area under …

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Find the approximate area …

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