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Problem 60 Hard Difficulty

The Heaviside function defined in Exercise 59 can also be used to define the ramp function $ y = ctH(t) $ , which represents a gradual increase in voltage or current in a circuit.

(a) Sketch the graph of the ramp function $ y = tH(t) $.
(b) Sketch the graph of the voltage $ V(t) $ in a circuit if the switch is turned on at time $ t = 0 $ and the voltage is gradually increased to 120 volts over a 60-second time interval. Write a formula for $ V(t) $ in terms of $ H(t) $ for $ t \le 60 $.
(c) Sketch the graph of the voltage $ V(t) $ in a circuit if the switch is turned on at time $ t = 7 $ seconds and the voltage is gradually increased to 100 volts over a period of 25 seconds. Write a formula for $ V(t) $ in terms of $ H(t) $ for $ t \le 32 $.

Answer

a) see step for solution
b) $V(t)=2 t H(t)$
c) $V(t)=4(t-7) H(t-7)$

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Tuv D.

August 16, 2020

Part c), when t=7, V(7)=0, so the slope of the graph should be from 0 to 100 for [7,32]

Video Transcript

So for the given problem um we can use it to define the ramp function Y equals C. T. Hft. Um Which is going to represent a gradual increase in the voltage or current in a circuit. So we're going to sketch the graph of the ramp function. We see the voltage is going to be in this case C is going to be too so we'll have to t 3 50. And then given the ramp function we'll eventually end up getting um Since this is Changing turned on at seven seconds we'll have four Times T -7 yeah. of eight times at age 15 and seven. So that will be our final uh resulting function for the voltage.