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The rational number $ \frac{22}{7} $ has been used as an approximation to the number $ \pi $ since the time of Archimedes. Show that $$ \int_0^1 \frac{x^4 (1 - x)^4}{1 + x^2}\ dx = \frac{22}{7} - \pi $$

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Calculus 2 / BC

Chapter 7

Techniques of Integration

Section 4

Integration of Rational Functions by Partial Fractions

Integration Techniques

Missouri State University

Oregon State University

University of Nottingham

Lectures

01:53

In mathematics, integration is one of the two main operations in calculus, with its inverse, differentiation, being the other. Given a function of a real variable, an antiderivative, integral, or integrand is the function's derivative, with respect to the variable of interest. The integrals of a function are the components of its antiderivative. The definite integral of a function from a to b is the area of the region in the xy-plane that lies between the graph of the function and the x-axis, above the x-axis, or below the x-axis. The indefinite integral of a function is an antiderivative of the function, and can be used to find the original function when given the derivative. The definite integral of a function is a single-valued function on a given interval. It can be computed by evaluating the definite integral of a function at every x in the domain of the function, then adding the results together.

27:53

In mathematics, a technique is a method or formula for solving a problem. Techniques are often used in mathematics, physics, economics, and computer science.

05:16

$\pi<22 / 7$ One of the…

01:12

Use the result of Exercise…

00:18

Evaluate the integral.…

03:00

Use the Substitution Formu…

03:44

01:27

Use Wallis's Formulas…

00:56

$$\int_{7 \pi / 6}^{5 \pi …

02:49

Evaluate the integrals.

Let's go ahead and evaluate the integral, starting with the left hand side. Let's just go ahead and distribute this. So let's expand this numerator and then denominators stays the same. So all we did there was expand. Now let's go ahead and simplify this. So this we should go ahead and do long division here. So let's go to the side. Do that. We've done this before. Can't a synthetic Yuri will need long division because of the quadratic. But after you do your long division over, So I'm making no here long division or polynomial division, I should say five x of the forth. So this is the quotient, and then you get a remainder of minus four and then the original denominator. So this becomes the general. As you see, we can just use upon rule whole bunch of times and then the very last one here, you write. Remember this. You hear? This will just be fourteen in verse. But if you feel about that fact, you can go ahead and just do it. Trips up here, That's equals tan data. So when we evaluate this exit, the seven over seven for exit the six over six find its five over five for X cubed over three for X for our plan. And then we have our entwine zero and one. So score the next patient plug those in, and then our ten of one is pi over four. So that's from plugging in the one. And then when we plug in zero, all the terms are zero. So go ahead and cancel those force and you get a minus pi up here and had combined the remaining fractions. You get twenty two over seven, and that's exactly what we wanted to prove. So that's we've evaluated the integral, and that's your final answer.

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