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Which of the following best describes a manifest function?(A) An intended positive effect on a system(B) An intended negative effect on a system(C) An unintended positive effect on a system(D) An unintended negative effect on a system
Studying why a nod means “yes” in many cultures is most representative of which of the following sociological concepts?(A) Demographic transition(B) Expectancy theory(C) Symbolic interactionism(D) Demographic shi
Which of the following ethical principles states that physicians should avoid using treatments with greater potential for harm than benefit?(A) Autonomy(B) Beneficence(C) Justice(D) Nonmaleficence
A Cuban-American man living in the United States has the dominant physical features of a black man. He speaks Spanish, prefers Latin foods, and listens to Latin music. His preferences are best defined through which of the following attributes?I. RaceII. EthnicityIII. Culture(A) I only(B) II only(C) II and III only(D) I, II, and III
A patient who resides in the United States says, “I love you,” and hugs his doctor aer every routine visit. This behavior violates:(A) personal beliefs.(B) patient autonomy.(C) social values.(D) social norms.
Which of the following demographics can be measured in events per 1000 people per year?I. Birth rateII. Fertility rateIII. Mortality rate(A) I only(B) I and III only(C) II and III only(D) I, II, and III
Because there are more than 500 Native American tribes, there are several different healing practices among them. Some tribes may have ceremonies that include chanting, singing, body-painting, dancing, and even use of mind-altering substances to persuade the spirits to heal the sick person. These ceremonies are examples of:(A) latent functions.(B) rituals.(C) cultural barriers.(D) social movements.
Over the last few decades, the United States population has become:(A) bigger, older, and more diverse.(B) bigger, younger, and more diverse.(C) smaller, older, and less diverse.(D) smaller, older, and more diverse.
Which of the following is NOT an example of material culture?(A) Traditional African clothing(B) Japanese cuisine(C) American values(D) Native American sand paintings
During which stage of demographic transition are both birth rates and mortality rates low?(A) Stage 1(B) Stage 2(C) Stage 3(D) Stage 4
Shortly after a state legalizes gambling in casinos, a formal coalition forms to oppose the building of any casinos in the major cities of the state. This scenario includes:I. conflict theory.II. social institutions.III. a social movement.(A) I only(B) I and III only(C) II and III only(D) I, II, and III
A young adult male claims to have had sexual relationships mostly with other men, although he has been attracted to women at times. What would be his most likely score on the Kinsey scale?(A) 0(B) 1(C) 5(D) 6
Which of the following demographic variables is known to be biologically determined?(A) Gender(B) Sex(C) Ethnicity(D) Sexual orientation
Which of the following would contribute to increasing population growth over time?(A) A fertility rate less than 2(B) An immigration rate larger than emigration rate(C) An increase in mortality rate(D) A decrease in birth rate
Urbanization can cause all of the following negative effects EXCEPT:(A) decreased opportunity for social interaction.(B) increased transmission of infectious disease.(C) decreased air quality and sanitation.(D) increased rates of violent crime.