Thomas Calculus 12

In Exercises $7-12,$ find the line integrals of $F$ from $(0,0,0)$ to $(1,1,1)$ over each of the following paths in the accompanying figure. a. The straight-line path $C_{1} : \mathbf{r}(t)=t \mathbf{i}+t \mathbf{j}+t \mathbf{k}, \quad 0 \leq t \leq 1$ b. The curved path $C_{2} : \mathbf{r}(t)=t \mathbf{i}+t^{2} \mathbf{j}+t^{4} \mathbf{k}, \quad 0 \leq t \leq 1$ c. The path $C_{3} \cup C_{4}$ consisting of the line segment from $(0,0,0)$ to $(1,1,0)$ followed by the segment from $(1,1,0)$ to $(1,1,1)$

$$\mathbf{F}=3 y \mathbf{i}+2 x \mathbf{j}+4 z \mathbf{k}$$

Essential Calculus Early Transcendentals

Experiments show that a steady current $I$ in a long wire produces a magnetic field $\mathbf{B}$ that is tangent to any circle that lies in the plane perpendicular to the wire and whose

center is the axis of the wire (as in the figure at the right). Ampere's Law relates the electric current to its magnetic effects and states that

$$ \int_{C} \mathbf{B} \cdot d \mathbf{r}=\mu_{0} I$$

where $I$ is the net current that passes through any surface bounded by a closed curve $C,$ and $\mu_{0}$ is a constant called the permeability of free space. By taking $C$ to be a circle

with radius $r,$ show that the magnitude $B=|\mathbf{B}|$ of the magnetic field at a distance $r$ from the center of the wire is $$B=\frac{\mu_{0} I}{2 \pi r}$$

Essential Calculus Early Transcendentals

(a) Show that a constant force field does zero work on a particle that moves once uniformly around the circle $x^{2}+y^{2}=1 .$

(b) Is this also true for a force field $\mathbf{F}(\mathbf{x})=k \mathbf{x},$ where $k$ is a constant and $\mathbf{x}=\langle x, y\rangle ?$

Essential Calculus Early Transcendentals

A 160 -lb man carries a $25-$ lb can of paint up a helical staircase that encircles a silo with a radius of 20 $\mathrm{ft}$ . If the silo is 90 $\mathrm{ft}$ high and the man makes exactly three complete revolutions climbing to the top, how much work is done by the man against gravity?

Essential Calculus Early Transcendentals

The position of an object with mass $m$ at time $t$ is

$\mathbf{r}(t)=a t t^{2} \mathbf{i}+b t^{3} \mathbf{j}, 0 \leqslant t \leqslant 1$

(a) What is the force acting on the object at time $t ?$

(b) What is the work done by the force during the time

interval 0$\leqslant t \leqslant 1 ?$

Essential Calculus Early Transcendentals

The force exerted by an electric charge at the origin on a charged particle at a point $(x, y, z)$ with position vector $\mathbf{r}=\langle x, y, z\rangle$ is $\mathbf{F}(\mathbf{r})=K \mathbf{r} /|\mathbf{r}|^{3}$ where $K$ is a constant.

(See Example 5 in Section $13.1 .$ ) Find the work done as the particle moves along a straight line from (2,0,0) to (2,1,5)

Essential Calculus Early Transcendentals

(a) Write the formulas similar to Equations 4 for the center of mass $(\overline{x}, \overline{y}, \overline{z})$ of a thin wire in the shape of a space curve $C$ if the wire has density function $\rho(x, y, z)$ . (b) Find the center of mass of a wire in the shape of the helix $x=2 \sin t, y=2 \cos t, z=3 t, 0 \leqslant t \leqslant 2 \pi,$ if the density is a constant $k$ .