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Someone spilled concentrated sulfuric acid on the floor of a chemistry laboratory. To neutralize the acid, would it be preferable to pour concentrated sodium hydroxide solution or spray solid sodium bicarbonate over the acid? Explain your choice and the chemical basis for the action.
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It is better to spray solid sodium bicarbonate because sodium bicarbonate reacts with sulfuric acid to give sodium sulfate and carbonic acid. Carbonic acid then dissociates into carbon dioxide and water. So it is safe to use because sodium bicarbonate is in solid state and the end products are not harmful.
Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
University of Central Florida
University of Toronto
In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. The term "solution" is also used to refer to the resultant mixture. The solution is usually a fluid. The particles of a solute are dispersed or dissolved in the solvent. The resulting solution is also called the solvent. The solvent is the continuous phase.
In chemistry, an ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electric charge. The name was coined by John Dalton for ions in 1808, and later expanded to include molecules in 1834.
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